University of Innsbruck, Austria
Organization: University of Innsbruck, Research Centre "Kulturen in Kontakt" (Cultures in Contact)
Call for Papers
Victim Narratives in Transnational Contexts
25–27 January 2018 at the University of Innsbruck, Austria
The figure of the victim seems to be virtually unparalleled in its power to polarise contemporary societies. The discursively produced and judicially fixed victim status is highly desirable for individuals and groups because it accords moral superiority and guarantees legal rights and claims. Victims are considered to be essentially ‘good’; they stand on the right side of history and must receive special treatment. This desire for a victim status both at the collective and at the individual level has been criticised by, among others, Esther Benbassa, Jean-Michel Chaumont, Peter Novick, and, most recently, Daniele Giglioli. They argue that the current ‘victim cult’ defends victims against any form of criticism and makes them virtually unassailable: Victims are perceived as objects and relieved of any commitment to individual responsibility. They are forever reduced to events in the past, which rules out any perspective on viable future and renders it practically unnecessary. Lastly, and importantly, victims, in particular victims of war and violence in the 20th and 21st centuries, are always associated with the perpetrators and rarely seen as autonomous subjects.
The figure of the victim both constructs and destabilises national and regional historical narratives. These complex processes inspire international as well as transnational competition among victims and induce a revision of national cultures of memory. The reorganisation of Europe after 1989, the increasing globalisation of the world, and the emergence of new media technologies that facilitate the rapid generation of images of victims and perpetrators alike, call for a transnational perspective on victim narratives.
The objective of this conference is to identify and analyse conceptualisations of ‘victimhood,’ in particular with regard to cultural studies and memory research. It also aims at a critical discussion of victimhood/victim status in fictional texts (prose, poetry, theatre) as well as in other media (film, photography, etc.). The conference invites participants to discuss recent texts (post-1989) that challenge entrenched victim narratives and attempt to transcend the logic of retaliation and atonement without negating or relativising the victims’ suffering. The conference welcomes submissions from a broad range of disciplines such as film, literary, and cultural studies, and is particularly interested in transnational and transcultural aspects.
Possible topics include, but are not limited to:
• New conceptualisations of victim narratives: What could replace victim narratives?
• Victim narratives in national memory discourses and their transformation through transnational and transcultural perspectives
• A critique of self-victimisation and the subversive potential of self-victimisation
• Competition but also solidarity among victim groups and ensuing consequences
• Victim narratives and generational narratives
• Victim narratives and gender
• Victim narratives in postcolonial contexts
• Victim narratives in the context of mémoires croisées, entangled history, etc.
• The commercialisation of memory culture
The conference languages will be German and English. Please send abstracts in English or German (300–500 words) to firstname.lastname@example.org along with a short biographical note and a list of publications by May 30th, 2017. Presenters will be notified whether or not their abstracts have been accepted by June 30th, 2017. Where possible, we will provide funding for travel and accommodation.
Organisation: Research Centre Cultures in Contact [Kulturen in Kontakt], Faculty of Humanities 2 (Language and Literature), University of Innsbruck [http://www.uibk.ac.at/kik/]
Dr. Eva Binder